Training Characteristics of Elite versus Non-elite Athletes - Strength and Conditioning

Elite athletes’ are extraordinary people that do superhuman things, right? A portion of this statement is correct, the other is debatable. Elite athletes often produce phenomenal standards in their chosen sports that are unfathomable to the average person, however despite what many may be inclined to believe these people are no more God’s gift to the world than anyone else. It’s the age-old debate that one needs to be born with specific characteristics to be successful in certain sports.

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Five Fitness Fables to avoid in 2018


Whether your a Personal Trainer, Strength and Conditioning Coach or just someone wanting to lose weight, tone up, or just maintain a balanced healthy lifestyle, fitness is a state of wellbeing that can bring joy and happiness in various ways. With the fitness industry growing at such a rapid rate in recent years, fitness professionals, along with uneducated fitness enthusiasts are constantly trying to outdo one another by coming up with new training methods and ways in which to get fit. As a result many fitness myths have developed and gained irrational authority very quickly.

The following five fitness fables are some of the more prominently misunderstood myths that need to be tackled in order to educate and encourage people to strive to get fit, and not be turned away by false advertising.

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Exercise Selection for Perfect Programming

There is an art / skill to choosing the right exercises for your clients. The most important consideration of exercise selection is to select exercises that have a fundamental application to the training objectives. The exercises included should develop the muscle mass, strength, or power of the client in ways that apply to their life, sport or the event which they are training for.

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What a Certificate IV in Fitness Means for You

By earning a Certificate IV in Fitness, you gain the necessary skills to work as either a full or part-time trainer anywhere in Australia. It provides you with the qualifications to register as a Personal Trainer, allowing you to take advantage of a wide range of employment opportunities, flexible working hours, and the opportunity to make a real difference in the lives of your clients.

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Strength Training For Masters Athletes


FACT:  Veteran athletes lose strength as they age. Humans start losing muscle mass after the age of 38.
Research suggests that this age-related loss of muscle strength impacts negatively on both speed and endurance performance in Masters Athletes, as they age. The loss in strength is due primarily to the fact that muscle mass declines with age, even in masters athletes who train rigorously in endurance. Research has also shown that resistance training is particularly important for older athletes. Literature states that older athletes should train   hypertrophy (muscle building), strength and power in the gym to offset these losses. Training sequentially in this form has shown, and can lead to significant speed and endurance performance gains in veteran athletes.

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Ten Training Tips To Help Prevent Injuries

(Sports Injury Bulletin: Special Report)

Following is a list of steps to follow to reduce your chance of injury:

  • 1. Don't train when stiff from previous session.
  • 2. Introduce new activities very gradually
  • 3. Have sufficient time for warm up and warm down.
  • 4. Check over course or area beforehand.
  • 5. Train on different surfaces, and use correct footwear.
  • 6. Shower and change immediately after cool down.
  • 7. Aim for maximum comfort when travelling.
  • 8. Stay away from infectious areas when training or competing. Especially at high intensity.
  • 9. Monitor hygiene and environmental conditions.
  • 10. Monitor fatigue symptoms.
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Are Running Shoes Doing More Harm Than Good?

As all technical areas of running are accelerating in relation to research and performance the newly adapted running shoes seem to be causing more harm than good. The running shoe market is ever growing and changing in order to supply a more natural and injury free run, as well as increasing performance'. It seems that the advanced running shoes are actually an inferior option then their previous counterparts, even as far back as 1939. Gordon Pirie makes these above statements in his book " Running fast and Injury Free". Pirie stated how many records were set and championships were won throughout history with athletes running barefoot. He believed, with sufficient evidence, that by making the running shoe more like bare foot running an athlete can increase performance and decrease the prevalence of injury substantially.

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Fat Burning Exercise: The Facts

Health magazines are always full of new ways to burn fat faster then ever before. Modest to wild claims occurs on a monthly basis as to what method is best to use. For the layperson , what is fact and what is fiction.

There are two methods to get the body to burn fat through exercises throughout the health and fitness industry for each of these methods. There are two camps of philosophy on which method is best and sometimes arguments can get very heated. You should know that simple by exercising, the body will burn more fat calories after the exercise then if you don't exercise.

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Pregnancy And Exercise


Exercise during pregnancy has become more popular during the last 10 years than it had previously (Brown, 2002; Mudd et al, 2009). As a result, the intensity and duration of physical activity (PA) performed by women with uncomplicated pregnancies is now arguably greater. The current guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians Gynaecologists (ACOG) encourage women to exercise without restriction for 30min on all or most days of the week (as per the population general), although no specific upper limits of intensity, duration and frequency are specified. As a result, most recommendations err on the side of moderate intensity for uncomplicated pregnancies. The type of exercise able to be performed safely does not have any restriction according to ACOG (2002), although there remains ambiguity over whether or not weight bearing activity is safe, particularly amongst less informed / educated populations (Mudd et al, 2009).

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Core Stability: Is It A Myth?

Personal trainers; gym instructors, Pilates and yoga instructors; and exercise physiologists regularly talk of the importance of having a strong core, especially the deep muscle known as the transversus abdominis. The attention is based on the idea that activating these muscles will support the spine and therefore reduce the likelihood of developing back pain. (Bee, 2010).

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